Home - Checklist of the Plants from the Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge

Lamiaceae

Agastache nepetoides; Yellow Giant Hyssop; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Blephilia ciliata; Downy Wood-Mint; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Blephilia hirsuta; Hairy Wood-Mint; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Collinsonia canadensis; Richweed; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Cunila origanoides; Dittany; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Glechoma hederacea; Ground-Ivy; Introduced (Europe); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Hedeoma pulegioides; American Pennyroyal; Native; Occasional. Occurs near the parking and picnic area of Harmony Trail, Pigeon Creek Road. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Lamium amplexicaule; Henbit; Introduced (Eurasia); A very common plant in disturbed areas throughout the Refuge. It blooms throughout most of the year but is especially abundant in the spring. Sometimes colors large patches in pinkish-purple.  Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Lamium purpureum; Purple Dead Nettle; Introduced (Eurasia); Common in disturbed areas throughout the Refuge. Sometimes blooms at all seasons of the year. Often occurs together with L. amplexicaule. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Lycopus americanus; Common Water Horehound; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Lycopus virginicus; Bugleweed; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Monarda bradburiana; Bee Balm, Horse Balm; Native; Uncommon to locally common in dry woods. Can be found along Rocky Bliuff Trail. Resembles M. fistulosa, but its leaves are sessile whereas those of M. fistulosa are petiolate. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Monarda fistulosa; Wild Bergamot; Native; Locally common in wooded areas. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Perilla frutescens; Beefsteak Plant; Introduced (Asia); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Prunella vulgaris; Heal-all; Introduced (Europe); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides; Mountain Mint; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium; Slender Mountain Mint; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Salvia lyrata; Lyre-leaved Sage; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Scutellaria incana; Downy Skullcap; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Scutellaria lateriflora; Mad-dog Skullcap; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Scutellaria leonardii; Small Skullcap; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Stachys tenuifolia; Smooth Hedge Nettle; Native; Rare. It was in bloom near the boat landing area on the west side of Devils Kithcen Lake. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Synandra hispidula; Hairy Synandra; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Teucrium canadense; American Germander; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Trichostema brachiatum; Synonyms: Isanthus brachiatus; False Pennyroyal; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Lauraceae

Lindera benzoin; Spicebush; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Sassafras albidum; Sassafras; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Linaceae

Linum medium; Wild Flax; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Linum striatum; Stiff Yellow Flax; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Linderniaceae

Lindernia dubia; Including Lindernia dubia var. anagallidea; False Pimpernel; Native; Observed in marshy areas near Observation Pond off Hwy 148. Mohlenbrock (2014), along with other authors, recognize two species of Lindernia (the second being L. anagallidea). The ITIS report, however, affirms their status as subspecies. The two subspecies can be distinguished as follows: the pedicels of L. dubia var. anagallidea are strikingly long, in contrast to the short pedicels of L. dubia var. dubia. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Loganiaceae

Spigelia marilandica; Indian Pink; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Lythraceae

Ammannia coccinea; Toothcup; Native; Occasional. The plant grows in wet, marshy areas, such as along the west end of Little Grassy Lake. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Decodon verticillatus; Swamp Loosestrife; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Lythrum salicaria; Purple Loosestrife; Introduced (Europe); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Magnoliaceae

Liriodendron tulipifera; Tulip Poplar; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Malvaceae

Abutilon theophrasti; Velvet Leaf; Introduced (Asia); Locally common in fields and agricultural areas. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Hibiscus lasiocarpos; Hairy Rose Mallow; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Hibiscus moscheutos; Rose Mallow; Native; Locally common in wet areas along p[onds and lakes throughout the Refuge. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Sida spinosa; Prickly Sida; Introduced (tropical America); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Menispermaceae

Calycocarpum lyonii; Cupseed; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Menispermum canadense; Moonseed; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Molluginaceae

Mollugo verticillata; Carpetweed; Introduced (tropical America); Uncommon. In gravelly waste places. Occurs around observation platform on Hwy 148.  Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Montiaceae

Claytonia virginica; Spring Beauty; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Moraceae

Broussonetia papyrifera; Paper Mulberry; Introduced (Asia); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Fatoua villosa; Mulberry Weed, Hairy Crabweed; Introduced (Europe); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Maclura pomifera; Osage-orange; Introduced (S central US); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Morus alba; White Mulberry; Introduced (Asia); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Morus rubra; Red Mulberry; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants