Home - Checklist of the Plants from the Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge

Ranunculaceae

• Actaea pachypoda; Doll’s Eyes; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Anemone virginiana; Tall Anemone; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Aquilegia canadensis; Wild Columbine; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Clematis terniflora; Synonyms: Clematis dioscoreifolia; Yam-leaved Clematis; Introduced (Asia); Rare. It occurs at the (dead) end of Old 13 south of Carterville. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Clematis virginiana; Virgin's Bower; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Delphinium tricorne; Dwarf Larkspur; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Enemion biternatum; Synonyms: Isopyrum biternatum; False Rue Anemone; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Hydrastis canadensis; Goldenseal; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Ranunculus abortivus; Small-flowered Crowfoot; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Ranunculus fascicularis; Early Buttercup; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Ranunculus hispidus; Bristly Buttercup; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Ranunculus micranthus; Small-flowered Buttercup; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Ranunculus recurvatus; Recurved Buttercup; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Ranunculus sardous; Hairy Buttercup; Introduced (Europe); Uncommon in the Refuge (but increasingly common in Williamson County, covering entire fields with yellow flowers). It can be found in fields along Wolf Creek Road. The presence of papillae (tiny nipple-like projections) on the sides of the achene is a distinguishing characteristic of this taxon. However, in many of our plants, these papillae are sparse or absent. The pilose calyx also identifies this species. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Thalictrum dasycarpum; Purple Meadow Rue; Native; Occasional. Can be found near the first bridge on Rocky Bluff Trail. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Rosaceae

• Agrimonia parviflora; Swamp Agrimony; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Agrimonia pubescens; Soft Agrimony; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Agrimonia rostellata; Woodland Agrimony; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Amelanchier arborea; Shadbush, Serviceberry; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Crataegus crus-galli; Cockspur Hawthorn; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Crataegus mollis; Red Haw; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Crataegus pruinosa; Waxy-fruited Hawthorn; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Fragaria virginiana; Wild Strawberry; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Geum canadense; White Avens; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Geum vernum; Spring Avens; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Gillenia stipulata; Indian Physic; Synonym: Porteranthus stipulatus; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Malus coronaria; Wild Sweet Crabapple; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Malus ioensis; Iowa (Prairie) Crabapple; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Malus pumila; Common Apple; Introduced (Asia); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Potentilla recta; Sulfur Cinquefoil; Introduced (Europe); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Potentilla simplex; Common Cinquefoil; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Prunus americana; Wild Plum; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Prunus angustifolia; Chickasaw Plum; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Prunus hortulana; Wild Goose Plum; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Prunus persica; Peach; Introduced (Asia); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Pyrus calleryana 'Bradford'; Bradford or Callery Pear; Introduced (Asia); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Pyrus communis; Common Pear; Introduced (Eurasia); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Rosa carolina; Pasture Rose; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Rosa multiflora; Multiflora Rose; Introduced (Asia); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Rosa palustris; Swamp Rose; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Rosa setigera; Prairie Rose; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Rubus allegheniensis; Synonyms: Rubus alumnus; Allegheny (Common ) Blackberry; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Rubus flagellaris; Synonyms: Rubus enslenii, Rubus roribaccus; Dewberry, Velvet-leaved Dewberry, Arching (Southern) Dewberry; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Rubus occidentalis; Black Raspberry; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Rubus pensilvanicus; Pennsylvania Blackberry; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Spiraea thunbergii; Thunberg's Meadowsweet; Introduced (Asia); Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

Rubiaceae

• Cephalanthus occidentalis; Common Buttonbush; Native;  Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Diodia teres; Rough Buttonweed; Native; Locally common in moist areas, e.g., in wetlands area west of Hwy 140 and off Ogden Road. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Diodia virginiana; Large Buttonweed; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Galium aparine; Cleavers; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Galium circaezans; Wild Licorice; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Galium concinnum; Shining Bedstraw; Native; Occasional to locally common in woods. Occurs in the Post Oak Flatwoods along Post Oak Road. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Galium pedemontanum; Synonym: Cruciatum pedemontan; Yellow-flowered / Piedmont Bedstraw; Introduced (Europe); Rare to uncommon. A fourishing colony can be found in the grassy areas adjavent to the Honkers' Pond off Old Main. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Galium pilosum; Hairy Bedstraw; Native; The plant can be found in woods along the southern reaches of Devils Kitchen Lake. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Galium tinctorium; Stiff (Three-Lobed) Bedstraw; Native; Locally common in swampy locations, such as near the Observation Pond off Hwy 148. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Galium triflorum; Sweet-scented Bedstraw; Native; Occasional. Occurs along Rocky Bluff Trail. Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Houstonia crassifolia; Synonyms: Hedyotis crassifolia; Tiny Bluets; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Houstonia longifolia; Synonyms: Hedyotis longifolia var. tenuifolia, Houstonia tenuifolia, Hedyotis nuttalliana; Long-leaved Bluets, Slender-leaved Bluets; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Houstonia purpurea; Synonyms: Hedyotis purpurea; Broad-leaved Bluets; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants

• Houstonia pusilla; Synonyms: Hedyotis pusilla; Small Bluets; Native; Photos Phytoimages; USDA Plants